Charles T. Church (Shu Swamp) Plant List


Acalypha rhomboidea – Three-seeded Mercury
Acer campestre –Hedge maple ('95)
A. rubrum – Red Maple
A. saccharum – Sugar Maple
Aesculus hippocastanum - Horsechestnut
Agrimonia gryposepala – Agrimony
Ailanthus altissima – Tree-of-Heaven ('94)
Ajuga reptans – Bugleweed
Alliaria petiolata – Garlic mustard
Allium tricoccocum – Wild Leek
A. vineale – Field Garlic
Alnus serrulata – Smooth Alder
Ambrosia artemisiifolia – Ragweed
Amelanchier Canadensis – Shadbush
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata – Porcelainberry
Amphicarpa bracteata – Hog peanut
Anacharis Canadensis – Elodea
Andropogon virginicus – Broomsedge
Anemone quinquefolia - Wood Anemon
Anthoxanthum odoratum – Sweet Vernal grass
Apios Americana – Groundnut
Aquilegia sp. – garden escape
Aralia nudicaulis – Wild Sarsaparilla
A. spinosa – Hercules' Club
Arctium minus – Burdock
Arisaema atrorubens – Jack-in-the-pulpit
Aronia prunifolia – Chokeberry
Artemesia vulgaris – Mugwort
Asclepias incarnate – Swamp Milkweed
Aster cordifolius – Heart-leaved Aster
A. divaricatus – White Wood Aster
A. ericoides – Heath Aster
A. novae-belgii – New York Aster
A. pilosus - Heath Aster (1981 specimen)
A. puniceus – Purple-stemmed Aster
A. simplex – Panicled Aster (A. lanceolatus var. simplex)
Athyrium filix-femina – lady fern
A. f-f. f. rubellum- red-stemmed form
Barbarea verna – Early Wintercress
B. vulgaris – Commom Wintercress
Berberis thunbergii – Japanese Barberry
Betula lenta – Sweet Birch
B. populifolia – Gray Birch
Bidens cernua – Sticktights (GEL specimen 1974)
B.frondosa – Beggar's Ticks
B. laevis – Bur Marigold (GEL specimen 1974)
Boehmeria cylindrica – False Nettle
Brachyelytrum erectum – Bearded Shorthusk ( a grass)
Bulbostylis capillaris – Sand Rush
Callitriche sp. (heterphylla or palustris) – Water Starwort
Caltha palustris – Marsh Marigold
Cardamine hirsute – Hoary Bittercress (photo 4/5/97)
C.pensylvanica – Pennsylvania Bittercress
Carex canescens
C. crinita
C.debilis var. debilis (rare: Zaremba)
C. folliculata
C. mitchelliana ( rare: Zaremba)
C. pensylvanica
C. rosea
C. retrorsa
C. stipata
C. stricta – Tussock Sedge
C. swanii
C. umbellate
Carpinus caroliniana – Hornbeam
Carya cordiformis – Bitternut
C.tomentosa – Mockernut Hickory
Castanea dentata – Chestnut
Celastrus orbiculatus – Oriental Bittersweet
Cerastium fontanum – Mouse-ear Chickweed
Ceratophyllum sp. – Hornwort (aquatic: Chris Mangels)
Cercidiphyllum japonicum – Katsura
Chelidonium majus – Celandine
Chelone glabra – Turtlehead (Chris Mangels)
Chimaphila maculate – Spotted Wintergreen
Chrysoplenium americanus – Watermat, Golden saxifrage
Cicuta maculata – Water Hemlock (GEL specimen 1970)
Cinna arundinacea – Wood Reedgrass
Circaea quadrisulcata – Enchanter's Nightshade
Cirsium arvense – Canada Thistle
Claytonia virginica – Spring Beauty
Clethra alnifolia – Summersweet
Collinsonia Canadensis – Horse-balm
Commelina communis – Asiatic Dayflower
Conopholis americana - Squawroot
Convolvulus sepium – Hedge Bindweed
Cornus alternifolia – Alternate-leaved Dogwood
C.amomum – Silky Dogwood ('94)
C. florida – Flowering Dogwood
C. sericea – Red Osier (photo 10/23/93)
Cotoneaster seedling (2004)
Crataegus sp. Seedling - Hawthorne
Cuscuta sp. (gronovii?) - Dodder
Dactylis glomerata – Orchard Grass
Danthonia compressa – Northern Oatgrass
Daucus carota – Queen Ann's Lace
Digitaria ischaenum – Smooth Crabgrass
Diodia teres – Buttonweed (GEL specimen 1974)
Dioscorea villosa – Climbing Yam
Draba verna – Whitlow Grass
Dryopteris carthusiana
D. cristata
D.intermedia
D. X triploidea
D. clintoniana or D. clintonian X cristata (definitely a hybrid)
Duchesnea indica – Indian Strawberry
Eleagnus umbellata – Autumn Olive
Endymion hispanicus – Spanish Bluebell
Equisetum arvense – Common Horsetail
Epilobium coloratum – Purple-leaved Willowherb
Erechtites hieracifolia – Pilewort
Erigeron annuus – Daisy Fleabane
E. canadensis - Horseweed
Erythronium americanum – Trout Lily
Euonymous alata – Burning Bush
E. americanus – American Strawberrybush (rare)
Eupatorium fistulosum – Hollow Joe Pye Weed
E.hyssopifolium – Hyssop-leaved Boneset
E.perfoliatum - Boneset
E. rugosum – White Snakeroot
Euphorbia maculata – Spotted Spurge
Euthamia graminifolia – Flat-topped Goldenrod
E. tenuifolia – Buttonhead Goldenrod
Fagus grandifolia – American Beech
Fontinalis gigantea – Fountain Moss
Fragaria virginiana – Wild Strawberry ( not seen recently)
Fraxinus Americana – White Ash
Galium asperellum – Rough Bedstraw
Geranium maculatum – Cranes' bill Geranium
Geum canadense – White Avens
G. virginianum – Rough Avens (photo 5/8/93)
Glyceria striata – Fowl Meadow Grass
Gnaphalium obtusifolium – Sweet Everlasting ( not seen in 1987)
Hamamelis virginiana – Witchhazel
Hedera helix – English Ivy
Hemerocallis fulva – Daylily
Hesperis matronalis – Dame's Rocket
Hibiscus palustris – Marsh Mallow
Hieracium pretense – King Devil
Holcus lanatus – Velvet Grass
Hosta sp.
Humulus lupulus – Hops
Huperzia lucidula – Shining Clubmoss
Hypericum perforatum – St. John'swort
H. punctatum – Spotted St. John'swort
H. virginicum – Marsh St. John'swort
Ilex crenata – Japanese Holly
I. glabra – Inkberry ('95), by “nursery”
I.verticillata – Winterberry
Impatiens capensis – Jewelweed
Iris pseudacorus – Yellow Flag
I. sibirica (?) – Siberian Iris (photo 5/14/2000)
I. versicolor – Blue Flag (one plant 1987, not seen since 1989)
Juglans nigra – Black Walnut (1994)
Juncus articulatus
J. debilis
J. effuses – Soft Rush
J. tenuis – Path Rush
Juniperus virginiana – Red Cedar
Kalmia latifolia – Mountain Laurel
Lapsana communis – Nipplewort
Lactuca Canadensis – Wild Lettuce
Lamium purpureum – Purple Dead Nettle
Lathyrus latifolius – Everlasting Pea
Leersia sp. (orzoides or virginica) – Cutgrass
Lemna minor – Duckweed
Leucothoe fontenesiana – Drooping Fetterbush (10/31/94)
Ligustrum obtusifolium – Privet ('95, old Shu road)
L. vulgare – Privet
Lilium superbum – Turk's Cap Lily
Lindera benzoin – Spicebush
Liquidambar styraciflua – Sweet Gum,
Liriodendron tulipifera – Tulip Tree
Lobelia cardinalis – Cardinal Flower (pre 1987)
Lonicera japonica – Japanese Honeysuckle
L. maackii – Honeysuckle (94)
L. morrowii – Morrow's Bush Honeysuckle
L. tatarica – Tatarian Honeysuckle ('94)
Lotus corniculata – Bird's-foot Trefoil
Ludwigia alternifolia – Seedbox
L. palustris – Water Purslane (not seen since 1987)
Luzula campestris – Wood Rush
Lycopus virginicus – Water Horehound
Lysimachia nummularia - Moneywort
L. producta (quadrifolia x terrestris) – Loosestrife hybrid (GEL specimen '74)
L. quadrifolia – Whorled Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria – Purple Loosestrife
Magnolia tripetala – Umbrella Magnolia
M. virginiana – Sweet Bay Magnolia
Maianthemum canadense – Canada Mayflower
Malus sp. (floribunda?) – Flowering Crabapple
Medicago lupulina – Black Medic (not seen since 1987)
Microstegium vimineum v. imberbe – Japanese Stiltgrass
Mikania scandens – Climbing Hempweed
Mimulus ringens – Monkey Flower ( photo 6/88, not seen recently)
Mitchella repens – Partridge Berry
Monotropa hypopithys – Pinesap (1988, not seen recently)
M. uniflora – Indian Pipe
Morus alba – White Mulberry
Muhlenbergia schreberi – Nimblewill
Muscari botryoides – Grape Hyacinth
Myosostis scirpioides – Forget-Me-Not
Narcissus ‘Van Sion’
Nasturtium officinale – Watercress
Nitella sp. – Stonewort (aquatic)
Nyssa sylvatica - Black Gum, Tupelo
Oenothera biennis – Evening Primrose
Onoclea sensibilis – Sensitive Fern
Ornithogalum unbellatum – Star-of- Bethlehem
Osmorhiza longistylis – Sweet Cicely (Chris Mangels) (BHC photo 1990)
Osmunda cinnamonea – Cinnamon Fern
O. regalis – Royal Fern
Panax trifolius – Dwarf Ginseng
Panicum clandestinum – Deer Tongue Grass
Panicum virgatum – Switch Grass
P. sp.
Parthenocissus quinquefolia – Virginia Creeper
Penthorum sedoides – Ditch Stonecrop (GEL specimen 1978)
Photinia villosa – Photinia (by the dam)
Phragmites australis – Common Reed
Phyrma leptostachya – Lopseed (2004)
Phytolacca americana – Pokeweed
Pilea pumila – Clearweed
Pinus strobus – White Pine
Plantago lanceolata – English Plantain (GEL specimen 1971)
P. major – Common Plantain
Platanus sp. – Plane Tree (Chris Mangels)
Poa annua – Annual Bluegrass
P. pratensis – Kentucky Bluegrass
Polygala polygama – Racemed Milkwort (not seen since 1991)
Polygonatum biflorum – Solomon's Seal
Polygonus arifolium – Halberd-leaved Tearthumb (photo 9/2/95)
P. aviculare – Common Knotweed (Chris Mangels)
P. hydropiperoides – Mild Waterpepper
P. persicaria – Lady's thumb
P. sagittatum – Arrow-leaved Tearthumb (photo 9/2/95)
P. virginianum – Jumpseed (Tovara)
Polystichum acrostichoides – Christmas Fern
Populus alba – White Poplar (photo 5/15/93)
Potamogeton epihydrus (?) – Pondweed
P. nodosus (?) – Pondweed
Potentilla canadensis – Dwarf Cinquefoil
P. simplex – Common Cinquifoil
Prenanthes trifoliata – Gall-of-the-Earth
Primula japonica – Japanese Primrose
Prunella vulgaris – Self-heal
Prunus avium – Mazzard or Sweet Cherry
P. serotina – Black Cherry
Pteridium aquilinum – Bracken
Quercus alba – White Oak
Q. bicolor – Swamp White Oak
Q. coccinea – Scarlet Oak
Q. rubra – Red Oak
Q. velutina – Black Oak
Ranunculus abortivus – Kidney-leaved Buttercup
R. acris – Tall Buttercup
R. ficaria – Lesser Celandine
R. hispidus v. nitidus – Swamp Buttercup
R. recurvatus – Hooked Buttercup
R. repens – Creeping Buttercup
Rhododendron maximum – Rosebay
R. ‘roseum elegans’
R. viscosum – Swamp Azalea
Ribes sativum – Garden Currant (photo 5/8/93)
Robinia pseudo-acacia – Black Locust
Rosa Carolina – Pasture Rose
R. multiflora – Multiflora Rose
R. palustris – Swamp Rose
Rubus allegheniensis – Blackberry
R.flagellaris – Prickly Dewberry (photo 6/5/97).
R. hispidus – Bristly Dewberry
R. idaeus – Raspberry('94)
R. phoenicolasius – Wineberry
Rumex acetosella – Sheep Sorrel
R. crispus – Curled Dock
Sagittaria latifolia – Arrowhead (GEL specimen 1976)
Salix discolor – Pussy Willow
S. nigra – Black Willow ('95)
Sambucus canadensis - Elderberry
Sassafras albidum – Sassafras
Scirpus atrovirens – Bulrush
S. rubrotinctus – Barberpole Sedge
Scutellaria lateriflora – Mad Dog Skullcap
Sisyrinchium sp. – Blue-eyed Grass
Smilacina racemosa – Solomon's Plume
Smilax glauca – Catbrier
S. herbacea – Carrion Flower
S. rotundifolia – Greenbrier
Solanum dulcamara – Deadly Nightshade
Solidago caesia – Blue-stemmed Goldenrod
S. canadensis – Canada Goldenrod
S. gigantea – Late Goldenrod
S. juncea – Early Goldenrod
S. odora – Sweet Goldenrod
S. patula – Rough-leaved Goldenrod
S. rugosa – Rough-stemmed Goldenrod
S. speciosa – Showy Goldenrod
Sparganium sp. – Bur Reed
Sphagnum sp. – Sphagnum Moss
Stellaria media – Common Chickweed
Symplocarpus foetidus - Skunk Cabbage
Symplocus paniculata – Asiatic Sweetleaf, Sapphireberry
Taraxacum officinale – Dandelion
Thalictrum pubescens – Tall Meadow-rue
Thelypteris nove-boracensis – New York Fern
T. palustris – Marsh Fern
Toxicodendron radicans – Poison Ivy
T. vernix – Poison Sumac
Triadenuum virginicum – Marsh St. John'swort (Hypericum)
Trichostema dichotomum – Blue Curls
Trientalis borealis – Star Flower
Trifolium pretense – Red Clover
T. repens – White Clover
Trillium erectum – Red Trillium, Wake Robin
T. erectum f. album – white form of Red Trillium
Thuja occidentalis – Arbor-vitae (near “nursery”)
Tsuga canadensis – Eastern Hemlock (grove on s.w. corner Church tract)
Typha angustifolia – Narrow-leaved Cat-tail
T. latifolia – Wide-leaved Cat-tail (2004)
Ulmus procera – Cork Elm (in ivy near homestead site)
Uvularia sessilifolia – Wild Oats
Vaccinium corymbosum – Highbush Blueberry
V. pallidum – Early Low Blueberry
Vallisneria sp. – Water Celery (aquatic)
Veratrum viride – False Hellebore
Verbascum blattaria – Moth Mullein
V. thapsus – Common Mullein
Verbena urticifolia – White Vervain
Vernonia noveboracensis – Ironweed
Veronica officinalis – Common Speedwell
V. peregrine – Purslane Speedwell
V. serpyllifolia – Thyme-leaved Speedwell (photo 4/88)
Viburnum acerifolium – Maple-leaved Viburnum
V. prunifolium – Blackhaw
V. recognitum – Arrowwood
Vinca minor – Myrtle
Viola blanda – Sweet White Violet (near platform, spur trail)
V. conspersa – Dog Violet
V. cucullata – Marsh Blue Violet
V. primulifolia – Primrose Violet (path along road)
V. sororia – Common Blue Violet
Vitis sp. – Wild Grape
Wisteria sp. (sinensis?) – Chinese Wisteria
Woodwardia areolata – Netted Chain Fern