Charles T. Church
(Shu Swamp)

After a visit to Shu Swamp in May, 1997, the 4K class of the Locust Valley Intermediate School wrote, "Shu Swamp is a magical and beautiful place that can renew anyone's sense of wonder. In a world that separates us from nature, Shu Swamp is a place to renew the connection."

Indeed, Shu Swamp (Shu is an old Dutch word that means cascading waters) is a magical place; a wooded wetland of towering Tulip trees, Red Maples, and Tupelo, fed by many springs and seeps. Beaver Brook flows through it and is home to Brown Trout, Sticklebacks, and the rare American Brook Lamprey.

The swamp's high-quality environment is also home to an amazing number of ephemeral spring flowers such as Trout lily, Marsh Marigold, Dwarf Ginseng, Spring Beauty and many more. An abundance of ferns as well as rare plans, such as the shrub 'Hearts-a-Bustin', found nowhere else in New York State, can be found here. The shallow pond provides mud flats for shore birds and the tall trees a habitat for nesting Great Horned Owls and Wood Ducks. Mink and Muskrats have at time used the waterways.

The sanctuary is on Frost Mill Road just south of the L.I.R.R. overpass and is open to the public everyday but Friday.

Photos

[Coming Soon...]

Plant List

  • Acalypha rhomboidea – Three-seeded Mercury
  • Acer campestre –Hedge maple ('95)
  • A. rubrum – Red Maple
  • A. saccharum – Sugar Maple
  • Aesculus hippocastanum - Horsechestnut
  • Agrimonia gryposepala – Agrimony
  • Ailanthus altissima – Tree-of-Heaven ('94)
  • Ajuga reptans – Bugleweed
  • Alliaria petiolata – Garlic mustard
  • Allium tricoccocum – Wild Leek
  • A. vineale – Field Garlic
  • Alnus serrulata – Smooth Alder
  • Ambrosia artemisiifolia – Ragweed
  • Amelanchier Canadensis – Shadbush
  • Ampelopsis brevipedunculata – Porcelainberry
  • Amphicarpa bracteata – Hog peanut
  • Anacharis Canadensis – Elodea
  • Andropogon virginicus – Broomsedge
  • Anemone quinquefolia - Wood Anemon
  • Anthoxanthum odoratum – Sweet Vernal grass
  • Apios Americana – Groundnut
  • Aquilegia sp. – garden escape
  • Aralia nudicaulis – Wild Sarsaparilla
  • A. spinosa – Hercules' Club
  • Arctium minus – Burdock
  • Arisaema atrorubens – Jack-in-the-pulpit
  • Aronia prunifolia – Chokeberry
  • Artemesia vulgaris – Mugwort
  • Asclepias incarnate – Swamp Milkweed
  • Aster cordifolius – Heart-leaved Aster
  • A. divaricatus – White Wood Aster
  • A. ericoides – Heath Aster
  • A. novae-belgii – New York Aster
  • A. pilosus - Heath Aster (1981 specimen)
  • A. puniceus – Purple-stemmed Aster
  • A. simplex – Panicled Aster (A. lanceolatus var. simplex)
  • Athyrium filix-femina – lady fern
  • A. f-f. f. rubellum- red-stemmed form
  • Barbarea verna – Early Wintercress
  • B. vulgaris – Commom Wintercress
  • Berberis thunbergii – Japanese Barberry
  • Betula lenta – Sweet Birch
  • B. populifolia – Gray Birch
  • Bidens cernua – Sticktights (GEL specimen 1974)
  • B.frondosa – Beggar's Ticks
  • B. laevis – Bur Marigold (GEL specimen 1974)
  • Boehmeria cylindrica – False Nettle
  • Brachyelytrum erectum – Bearded Shorthusk ( a grass)
  • Bulbostylis capillaris – Sand Rush
  • Callitriche sp. (heterphylla or palustris) – Water Starwort
  • Caltha palustris – Marsh Marigold
  • Cardamine hirsute – Hoary Bittercress (photo 4/5/97)
  • C.pensylvanica – Pennsylvania Bittercress
  • Carex canescens
  • C. crinita
  • C.debilis var. debilis (rare: Zaremba)
  • C. folliculata
  • C. mitchelliana ( rare: Zaremba)
  • C. pensylvanica
  • C. rosea
  • C. retrorsa
  • C. stipata
  • C. stricta – Tussock Sedge
  • C. swanii
  • C. umbellate
  • Carpinus caroliniana – Hornbeam
  • Carya cordiformis – Bitternut
  • C.tomentosa – Mockernut Hickory
  • Castanea dentata – Chestnut
  • Celastrus orbiculatus – Oriental Bittersweet
  • Cerastium fontanum – Mouse-ear Chickweed
  • Ceratophyllum sp. – Hornwort (aquatic: Chris Mangels)
  • Cercidiphyllum japonicum – Katsura
  • Chelidonium majus – Celandine
  • Chelone glabra – Turtlehead (Chris Mangels)
  • Chimaphila maculate – Spotted Wintergreen
  • Chrysoplenium americanus – Watermat, Golden saxifrage
  • Cicuta maculata – Water Hemlock (GEL specimen 1970)
  • Cinna arundinacea – Wood Reedgrass
  • Circaea quadrisulcata – Enchanter's Nightshade
  • Cirsium arvense – Canada Thistle
  • Claytonia virginica – Spring Beauty
  • Clethra alnifolia – Summersweet
  • Collinsonia Canadensis – Horse-balm
  • Commelina communis – Asiatic Dayflower
  • Conopholis americana - Squawroot
  • Convolvulus sepium – Hedge Bindweed
  • Cornus alternifolia – Alternate-leaved Dogwood
  • C.amomum – Silky Dogwood ('94)
  • C. florida – Flowering Dogwood
  • C. sericea – Red Osier (photo 10/23/93)
  • Cotoneaster seedling (2004)
  • Crataegus sp. Seedling - Hawthorne
  • Cuscuta sp. (gronovii?) - Dodder
  • Dactylis glomerata – Orchard Grass
  • Danthonia compressa – Northern Oatgrass
  • Daucus carota – Queen Ann's Lace
  • Digitaria ischaenum – Smooth Crabgrass
  • Diodia teres – Buttonweed (GEL specimen 1974)
  • Dioscorea villosa – Climbing Yam
  • Draba verna – Whitlow Grass
  • Dryopteris carthusiana
  • D. cristata
  • D.intermedia
  • D. X triploidea
  • D. clintoniana or D. clintonian X cristata (definitely a hybrid)
  • Duchesnea indica – Indian Strawberry
  • Eleagnus umbellata – Autumn Olive
  • Endymion hispanicus – Spanish Bluebell
  • Equisetum arvense – Common Horsetail
  • Epilobium coloratum – Purple-leaved Willowherb
  • Erechtites hieracifolia – Pilewort
  • Erigeron annuus – Daisy Fleabane
  • E. canadensis - Horseweed
  • Erythronium americanum – Trout Lily
  • Euonymous alata – Burning Bush
  • E. americanus – American Strawberrybush (rare)
  • Eupatorium fistulosum – Hollow Joe Pye Weed
  • E.hyssopifolium – Hyssop-leaved Boneset
  • E.perfoliatum - Boneset
  • E. rugosum – White Snakeroot
  • Euphorbia maculata – Spotted Spurge
  • Euthamia graminifolia – Flat-topped Goldenrod
  • E. tenuifolia – Buttonhead Goldenrod
  • Fagus grandifolia – American Beech
  • Fontinalis gigantea – Fountain Moss
  • Fragaria virginiana – Wild Strawberry ( not seen recently)
  • Fraxinus Americana – White Ash
  • Galium asperellum – Rough Bedstraw
  • Geranium maculatum – Cranes' bill Geranium
  • Geum canadense – White Avens
  • G. virginianum – Rough Avens (photo 5/8/93)
  • Glyceria striata – Fowl Meadow Grass
  • Gnaphalium obtusifolium – Sweet Everlasting ( not seen in 1987)
  • Hamamelis virginiana – Witchhazel
  • Hedera helix – English Ivy
  • Hemerocallis fulva – Daylily
  • Hesperis matronalis – Dame's Rocket
  • Hibiscus palustris – Marsh Mallow
  • Hieracium pretense – King Devil
  • Holcus lanatus – Velvet Grass
  • Hosta sp.
  • Humulus lupulus – Hops
  • Huperzia lucidula – Shining Clubmoss
  • Hypericum perforatum – St. John'swort
  • H. punctatum – Spotted St. John'swort
  • H. virginicum – Marsh St. John'swort
  • Ilex crenata – Japanese Holly
  • I. glabra – Inkberry ('95), by “nursery”
  • I.verticillata – Winterberry
  • Impatiens capensis – Jewelweed
  • Iris pseudacorus – Yellow Flag
  • I. sibirica (?) – Siberian Iris (photo 5/14/2000)
  • I. versicolor – Blue Flag (one plant 1987, not seen since 1989)
  • Juglans nigra – Black Walnut (1994)
  • Juncus articulatus
  • J. debilis
  • J. effuses – Soft Rush
  • J. tenuis – Path Rush
  • Juniperus virginiana – Red Cedar
  • Kalmia latifolia – Mountain Laurel
  • Lapsana communis – Nipplewort
  • Lactuca Canadensis – Wild Lettuce
  • Lamium purpureum – Purple Dead Nettle
  • Lathyrus latifolius – Everlasting Pea
  • Leersia sp. (orzoides or virginica) – Cutgrass
  • Lemna minor – Duckweed
  • Leucothoe fontenesiana – Drooping Fetterbush (10/31/94)
  • Ligustrum obtusifolium – Privet ('95, old Shu road)
  • L. vulgare – Privet
  • Lilium superbum – Turk's Cap Lily
  • Lindera benzoin – Spicebush
  • Liquidambar styraciflua – Sweet Gum,
  • Liriodendron tulipifera – Tulip Tree
  • Lobelia cardinalis – Cardinal Flower (pre 1987)
  • Lonicera japonica – Japanese Honeysuckle
  • L. maackii – Honeysuckle (94)
  • L. morrowii – Morrow's Bush Honeysuckle
  • L. tatarica – Tatarian Honeysuckle ('94)
  • Lotus corniculata – Bird's-foot Trefoil
  • Ludwigia alternifolia – Seedbox
  • L. palustris – Water Purslane (not seen since 1987)
  • Luzula campestris – Wood Rush
  • Lycopus virginicus – Water Horehound
  • Lysimachia nummularia - Moneywort
  • L. producta (quadrifolia x terrestris) – Loosestrife hybrid (GEL specimen '74)
  • L. quadrifolia – Whorled Loosestrife
  • Lythrum salicaria – Purple Loosestrife
  • Magnolia tripetala – Umbrella Magnolia
  • M. virginiana – Sweet Bay Magnolia
  • Maianthemum canadense – Canada Mayflower
  • Malus sp. (floribunda?) – Flowering Crabapple
  • Medicago lupulina – Black Medic (not seen since 1987)
  • Microstegium vimineum v. imberbe – Japanese Stiltgrass
  • Mikania scandens – Climbing Hempweed
  • Mimulus ringens – Monkey Flower ( photo 6/88, not seen recently)
  • Mitchella repens – Partridge Berry
  • Monotropa hypopithys – Pinesap (1988, not seen recently)
  • M. uniflora – Indian Pipe
  • Morus alba – White Mulberry
  • Muhlenbergia schreberi – Nimblewill
  • Muscari botryoides – Grape Hyacinth
  • Myosostis scirpioides – Forget-Me-Not
  • Narcissus ‘Van Sion’
  • Nasturtium officinale – Watercress
  • Nitella sp. – Stonewort (aquatic)
  • Nyssa sylvatica - Black Gum, Tupelo
  • Oenothera biennis – Evening Primrose
  • Onoclea sensibilis – Sensitive Fern
  • Ornithogalum unbellatum – Star-of- Bethlehem
  • Osmorhiza longistylis – Sweet Cicely (Chris Mangels) (BHC photo 1990)
  • Osmunda cinnamonea – Cinnamon Fern
  • O. regalis – Royal Fern
  • Panax trifolius – Dwarf Ginseng
  • Panicum clandestinum – Deer Tongue Grass
  • Panicum virgatum – Switch Grass
  • P. sp.
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia – Virginia Creeper
  • Penthorum sedoides – Ditch Stonecrop (GEL specimen 1978)
  • Photinia villosa – Photinia (by the dam)
  • Phragmites australis – Common Reed
  • Phyrma leptostachya – Lopseed (2004)
  • Phytolacca americana – Pokeweed
  • Pilea pumila – Clearweed
  • Pinus strobus – White Pine
  • Plantago lanceolata – English Plantain (GEL specimen 1971)
  • P. major – Common Plantain
  • Platanus sp. – Plane Tree (Chris Mangels)
  • Poa annua – Annual Bluegrass
  • P. pratensis – Kentucky Bluegrass
  • Polygala polygama – Racemed Milkwort (not seen since 1991)
  • Polygonatum biflorum – Solomon's Seal
  • Polygonus arifolium – Halberd-leaved Tearthumb (photo 9/2/95)
  • P. aviculare – Common Knotweed (Chris Mangels)
  • P. hydropiperoides – Mild Waterpepper
  • P. persicaria – Lady's thumb
  • P. sagittatum – Arrow-leaved Tearthumb (photo 9/2/95)
  • P. virginianum – Jumpseed (Tovara)
  • Polystichum acrostichoides – Christmas Fern
  • Populus alba – White Poplar (photo 5/15/93)
  • Potamogeton epihydrus (?) – Pondweed
  • P. nodosus (?) – Pondweed
  • Potentilla canadensis – Dwarf Cinquefoil
  • P. simplex – Common Cinquifoil
  • Prenanthes trifoliata – Gall-of-the-Earth
  • Primula japonica – Japanese Primrose
  • Prunella vulgaris – Self-heal
  • Prunus avium – Mazzard or Sweet Cherry
  • P. serotina – Black Cherry
  • Pteridium aquilinum – Bracken
  • Quercus alba – White Oak
  • Q. bicolor – Swamp White Oak
  • Q. coccinea – Scarlet Oak
  • Q. rubra – Red Oak
  • Q. velutina – Black Oak
  • Ranunculus abortivus – Kidney-leaved Buttercup
  • R. acris – Tall Buttercup
  • R. ficaria – Lesser Celandine
  • R. hispidus v. nitidus – Swamp Buttercup
  • R. recurvatus – Hooked Buttercup
  • R. repens – Creeping Buttercup
  • Rhododendron maximum – Rosebay
  • R. ‘roseum elegans’
  • R. viscosum – Swamp Azalea
  • Ribes sativum – Garden Currant (photo 5/8/93)
  • Robinia pseudo-acacia – Black Locust
  • Rosa Carolina – Pasture Rose
  • R. multiflora – Multiflora Rose
  • R. palustris – Swamp Rose
  • Rubus allegheniensis – Blackberry
  • R.flagellaris – Prickly Dewberry (photo 6/5/97).
  • R. hispidus – Bristly Dewberry
  • R. idaeus – Raspberry('94)
  • R. phoenicolasius – Wineberry
  • Rumex acetosella – Sheep Sorrel
  • R. crispus – Curled Dock
  • Sagittaria latifolia – Arrowhead (GEL specimen 1976)
  • Salix discolor – Pussy Willow
  • S. nigra – Black Willow ('95)
  • Sambucus canadensis - Elderberry
  • Sassafras albidum – Sassafras
  • Scirpus atrovirens – Bulrush
  • S. rubrotinctus – Barberpole Sedge
  • Scutellaria lateriflora – Mad Dog Skullcap
  • Sisyrinchium sp. – Blue-eyed Grass
  • Smilacina racemosa – Solomon's Plume
  • Smilax glauca – Catbrier
  • S. herbacea – Carrion Flower
  • S. rotundifolia – Greenbrier
  • Solanum dulcamara – Deadly Nightshade
  • Solidago caesia – Blue-stemmed Goldenrod
  • S. canadensis – Canada Goldenrod
  • S. gigantea – Late Goldenrod
  • S. juncea – Early Goldenrod
  • S. odora – Sweet Goldenrod
  • S. patula – Rough-leaved Goldenrod
  • S. rugosa – Rough-stemmed Goldenrod
  • S. speciosa – Showy Goldenrod
  • Sparganium sp. – Bur Reed
  • Sphagnum sp. – Sphagnum Moss
  • Stellaria media – Common Chickweed
  • Symplocarpus foetidus - Skunk Cabbage
  • Symplocus paniculata – Asiatic Sweetleaf, Sapphireberry
  • Taraxacum officinale – Dandelion
  • Thalictrum pubescens – Tall Meadow-rue
  • Thelypteris nove-boracensis – New York Fern
  • T. palustris – Marsh Fern
  • Toxicodendron radicans – Poison Ivy
  • T. vernix – Poison Sumac
  • Triadenuum virginicum – Marsh St. John'swort (Hypericum)
  • Trichostema dichotomum – Blue Curls
  • Trientalis borealis – Star Flower
  • Trifolium pretense – Red Clover
  • T. repens – White Clover
  • Trillium erectum – Red Trillium, Wake Robin
  • T. erectum f. album – white form of Red Trillium
  • Thuja occidentalis – Arbor-vitae (near “nursery”)
  • Tsuga canadensis – Eastern Hemlock (grove on s.w. corner Church tract)
  • Typha angustifolia – Narrow-leaved Cat-tail
  • T. latifolia – Wide-leaved Cat-tail (2004)
  • Ulmus procera – Cork Elm (in ivy near homestead site)
  • Uvularia sessilifolia – Wild Oats
  • Vaccinium corymbosum – Highbush Blueberry
  • V. pallidum – Early Low Blueberry
  • Vallisneria sp. – Water Celery (aquatic)
  • Veratrum viride – False Hellebore
  • Verbascum blattaria – Moth Mullein
  • V. thapsus – Common Mullein
  • Verbena urticifolia – White Vervain
  • Vernonia noveboracensis – Ironweed
  • Veronica officinalis – Common Speedwell
  • V. peregrine – Purslane Speedwell
  • V. serpyllifolia – Thyme-leaved Speedwell (photo 4/88)
  • Viburnum acerifolium – Maple-leaved Viburnum
  • V. prunifolium – Blackhaw
  • V. recognitum – Arrowwood
  • Vinca minor – Myrtle
  • Viola blanda – Sweet White Violet (near platform, spur trail)
  • V. conspersa – Dog Violet
  • V. cucullata – Marsh Blue Violet
  • V. primulifolia – Primrose Violet (path along road)
  • V. sororia – Common Blue Violet
  • Vitis sp. – Wild Grape
  • Wisteria sp. (sinensis?) – Chinese Wisteria
  • Woodwardia areolata – Netted Chain Fern